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24. Eze is a medieval town built in the Alps, France

Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany

This is reflected in its historical architecture, such as the medieval cities that are still present throughout the country today. These towns are often overlooked by tourists, but they offer a fascinating reflection of the rise and fall of medieval Britain and the cast of knights, kings and queens which populated it.

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We take a look at eight of the best. Durham Cathedral, University. The city itself is almost as ancient, comprising the Bailey around the cathedral and castle, whose cobbled, picturesque streets are just the thing for a summer stroll. More Info. Open In Google Maps.

Medieval Cities | work by Pirenne |

Durham, United Kingdom. York Shop. York is one of the most beautiful cities in Britain and is well deserving of its place on this list. It has been occupied by everyone from the Romans to the Vikings, and was the capital city of both Northumbria and Jorvik. Home of the Archbishop of York, its Great East Window comprises the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world. York, United Kingdom. Chester Zoo.

Famous throughout Britain primarily for its zoo, Chester is a medieval town whose Roman origins are clearly visible in the city walls and amphitheatre that remain today. The city is steeped in history, founded as it was as a Roman fort years ago, and The Rows is the only medieval two-tiered shopping walkway in the world.

15 Medieval Towns in Europe

Chester, United Kingdom. In the s, Richard Devizes wrote of London: 'whatever evil or malicious thing that can be found in any part of the world, you will find it in that one city'. However, at around the same time, William FitzStephen praised it as a place of thrilling spectacles, admirable devotion, and exciting pastimes, including skating and football.

Usage terms Public Domain in most countries other than the UK. Normally enclosed by protective walls, access to medieval towns was regulated through gates.

Eze is a medieval town built in the Alps, France

The Luttrell Psalter includes an image of Constantinople that is based on an English town: surrounded with a curtain wall punctuated with towers and arrow slits, the city is crowded with buildings. At the centre is the tall spire of a church. The glamour of the town is suggested by the dancers emerging from one of its gates, watched by admiring ladies. Successful towns were often sited on major roads or waterways, facilitating trade and transport.

Most Beautiful Places in Europe: The 20 most beautiful medieval cities in Europe

Bridges were important points of access to towns, and were often themselves embellished with chapels and buildings. Around , the majority of people in Europe lived in the countryside.

In England, between 10 and 20 percent of the population lived in towns. Around this time, London's population is estimated to have been 60—80, Although unimpressive by today's standards medieval London was something like one percent of today's population , this made it the largest city in England.

After the Black Death in —50, which killed a third or more of the population, the pace of change quickened. Some towns shrank while others grew rapidly as many peasants relocated to urban centres. Who lived in towns? At the top of the social scale were merchants, lawyers and property owners, who occupied responsible administrative positions. Below them were craftsmen and traders, and at the bottom of the pile were relatively unskilled workers.

Then, as now, towns included a mixture of residential and commercial properties, though often these were one and the same: craftsmen's workshops were often on the ground floor, with the family residence upstairs.